Treatment and management of type 2 diabetes type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that. Causes sugar in the form of glucose to accumulate in the blood rather than being used as fuel by the cells in our body the goal. Of type-2 diabetes treatment is to safely keep blood glucose within the normal range improving diet and exercising regularly are important parts of type-2 diabetes management and treatment. In overweight or obese persons weight loss can often return blood glucose levels to normal if it occurs early exercise decreases the resistance of the cells to the action of insulin making it. Easier for the glucose to enter the cells from the bloodstream this benefit of exercise occurs even if there is. No Associated weight loss if weight loss improved diet and exercise do.
Not reduce blood glucose levels adequately then medication is the. Next step there are a variety of oral and injectable medications used to. Treat type 2 diabetes most persons with diabetes are initially prescribed metformin metformin blocks the production of glucose by the liver metformin also decreases the resistance. Of cells to insulin making it easier for the cells to take up glucose from the bloodstream after metformin doctors often prescribe sulfonylureas or dpp-4 inhibitors like metformin sulfonylureas are inexpensive.
And effective they work by increasing insulin release from the pancreas however they may cause hypoglycemia hypoglycemia occurs when the blood glucose level drops too low it is important for. Patients to recognize the symptoms of hypoglycemia such as shakiness sweating palpitations and weakness before it leads to more dangerous effects such as confusion fainting or loss of consciousness in. Cretons are essential chemicals secreted by the gut in response to meals and have important anti-diabetic. Effects they work by slowing the emptying of the stomach so you. Feel full longer increasing insulin secretion improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing glucose production in diabetes Inc rheton levels are reduced there are two types of medications that work to improve the. Levels of in cretons in the body the oral dpp-4 inhibitors and the injectable glp-1 analogs the dpp-4 inhibitors prevent the.
Breakdown of ink ratan hormones and increase their anti-diabetic effects these newer medicines work by increasing insulin production they have little risk of hypoglycemia they also make cells more sensitive to. The action of insulin the injectable glp-1 analogs replace the in cretons directly they also slow the movement of food through.
The digestive tract so you feel fuller longer they improve insulin secretion and may promote weight loss they also have. A low risk of hypoglycemia thiazolidinediones are another class of oral anti-diabetic agents they work by making the cells more sensitive to insulin and decreasing glucose production they do. Not cause hypoglycemia but they may cause weight gain other types of pills for diabetes include sglt2 inhibitors alpha-glucosidase inhibitors and.
Bromocriptine and colas of elam over time medications often become. Less effective rather than switching a medication your doctor may combine two different ones that have been shown to work well together if your blood glucose cannot be controlled by pills. Alone your doctor may put you on insulin insulin is the most common injectable medication used to treat. Diabetes there are two types of insulin long-acting or basal insulin. And short acting or mealtime insulin an insulin pump can be used in type 2 diabetes to deliver insulin just like. The pancreas healthy diet exercise and maintaining a healthy body weight are important aspects of diabetes management even if you are on medications you.
Should develop a self management plan with your doctor and other health professionals such as a dietitian and certified fitness professional your plan should include eating healthy foods and incorporating regular moderate. Intensity exercise into your lifestyle important dietary interventions specific to diabetes include reducing sugars starches and fatty foods strategies to reduce stress at. Home and at work ensuring adequate sleep and managing depression if present are also important.
In summary type 2 diabetes is treated by a combination of diet exercise and medication a variety of drugs are available to treat diabetes. However self-management through lifestyle plays a very important role.